For countries to realise the benefits of their natural resource endowments their national policies, laws, and regulations need to do many things. They need to secure the necessary foreign and local investment, do so in a way that maximises the economic and social benefits to citizens, all while minimising anticipated adverse impacts and providing for remediation of the human harms that can accrue from resource extraction.

IHRB's work on the extractive sector aims to embed the protection of and respect for human rights, transparency, and accountability. Our work with businesses, government, and civil society seeks to collaboratively address key areas of human rights concerns. This has focused in particular on Kenya as a case study of a country that newly came into natural resource wealth and probing the question of how to channel the influx of extractives activities in a rights-respecting way. Many of the research findings and recommendations nonetheless lend themselves to other countries and extractives contexts.